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Understanding the Different Skin Cancer Types and How to Prevent Them

Understanding the Different Skin Cancer Types and How to Prevent

Understanding the Different Skin Cancer Types and How to Prevent Them

Cancer is a word that many of us fear. Hearing that you or a loved one have developed skin cancer can make your mind jump to conclusions out of shock and worry.

But just what types of skin cancers are dangerous, and how can you prevent yourself from getting skin cancer?

There are a few skin cancer types that vary in severity and can be prevented with different treatments. 

What is Skin Cancer?

Skin cancer is what happens when the cells that make up your skin begin to mutate into cancer cells that divide out of control. It is the most common type of cancer that occurs in the United States to this day. 

While skin cancer usually occurs on skin that is exposed to sunlight, it can also form in the lower layers of skin and be harder to detect. 

Skin Cancer Types and Treatment Options

While there are many different types of skin cancer, there are four common types that will be discussed. Here are the signs, symptoms, and treatments for each type of common skin cancer.

Basal Cell Carcinoma

Basal cell carcinoma is among the most common and least worrisome type of skin cancer. It often develops on areas of the skin that are the most exposed to sunlight, including the scalp, face, and neck area.

It shows itself as a mildly transparent bump on the skin, though it can take other forms as well. Some signs of this type of cancer can include:

  • Pearly white bumps on the skin, or a bump of skin with a translucent outside; these often have visible blood vessels underneath and has a tendency to rupture or bleed
  • Brown, black, or blue lesions with a raised, translucent border
  • Scaly reddish patches on the back or chest
  • Waxy white lesions without a visible border

While basal cell carcinoma is usually not dangerous, you should contact a doctor if you notice any sudden changes to an existing bump, or if a bump that was previously removed has resurfaced. 

If you should discover a bump on your skin, don’t worry—basal cell carcinoma can usually be removed with a simple skin biopsy, or removing the small piece of cancerous skin. Cases of basal cell carcinoma spreading or developing into other types of cancer are rare, but you should still talk with your doctor about it to be safe.

Dr. Johnny Gurgen specializes in the removal of skin cancers and can help you to make sure your skin is healthy again. 


Melanoma is a far more serious type of skin cancer that can develop anywhere on the body, though it primarily appears in areas of skin that are exposed to sunlight. The most at-risk individuals for developing melanoma are women under 40 years old, though anyone is capable of getting it. 

Melanomas often begin as changes to existing moles, such as growths or darkened skin. However, they can also appear suddenly on otherwise normal skin.

There are steps you can take to find out if your mole is normal and healthy. Check to see if it:

  1. Has an irregular border or shape
  2. Has changed in color noticeably
  3. Has grown larger than 6 millimeters in diameter
  4. Has changed in either look, size, or sensation, such as if it has grown itchy or painful over time

If any of the above circumstances are true, then you should go to get it checked by a doctor, as it may be a melanoma. It’s crucial to catch this type early so that it doesn’t go unchecked.

Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer

Nonmelanoma skin cancer is a broad term used to describe any cancer that isn’t melanoma. This encompasses any rarer type of skin cancer, and as such has a variety of treatment options depending on the type of cancer involved.

These types of cancers will often need to be removed through surgery; if you’ve noticed any odd changes to your skin that you can’t account for, talk with your doctor about nonmelanoma skin cancer today.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Skin

While not life-threatening, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin can be a particularly aggressive form of cancer that can cause serious damage if left untreated. This is because it tends to form in deeper layers of the skin. 

This type of cancer is also prone to spreading along the skin and through other parts of the body as well. If you notice any new, painful red sores on your skin or inside of your mouth that doesn’t go away on its own, you should talk with your doctor immediately.

How to Prevent Skin Cancer

Fortunately, there are many different ways that you can protect yourself from getting skin cancer. Certain lifestyle changes and protective measures can help to keep you safe from skin cancer, such as:

  • Keeping away from direct sunlight, tanning beds, and other forms of UV light
  • Wearing sunscreen year-round while outside
  • Wearing protective clothing to prevent sun damage
  • Examining your skin frequently for changes or variations in moles or bumps

By keeping these tips in mind and checking yourself regularly, you can help protect yourself from developing skin cancer. 

Keep Your Skin Healthy

Now that you know the different skin cancer types and how to prevent them, you’re ready to start living your new healthy life with proper precautions in place. Keep yourself healthy, happy, and cancer-free, and remember to check your skin frequently for any potential changes. 

What have you learned about skin cancer? Have you had experiences with any of the above skin cancers that you’d like to share?

We’d love to hear your thoughts! Be sure to leave a comment with your story down below, and any tips you have for protecting yourself against skin cancer.


10 DIY Hand Cream Recipes to Try for Softer Skin

10 DIY Hand Cream Recipes to Try for Softer Skin

Where would you be without your hands? Think of the countless things they help you do each day. Yet, your hardworking hands are probably the most neglected when it comes to beauty and skin regimens.

Have your hands aged prematurely? Famous and wealthy people may try cosmetic surgery on their face, neck, and body to disguise the effects of time, but there’s a limit to what can be done for their hands. When we try to lie about our age, the wrinkled skin on our hands will usually tell the truth.

You needn’t pay a fortune on hand care products from the department store, that may contain artificial colors, scents, and preservatives. Instead, why not do as your grandma did and use natural ingredients straight from your pantry? You can create luxurious creamy lotions to battle wrinkled skin and for softening dry, irritated skin.

Common Ingredients For DIY Hand Care Remedies

While some ingredients vary according to recipes, DIY hand cream, and lotions all contain natural moisturizes. These usually include oils pressed from plants or nuts, loaded with essential fatty acids that nourish your skin. Natural beeswax keeps the product more solid instead of runny.

Another beneficial ingredient you’ll notice is Vitamin E oil, which you can buy inexpensively in the skincare aisle. Vitamin E helps repair damaged skin and fight free radicals that can hurt your body’s cells. Other hand healing ingredients may include pure aloe vera gel and organic honey.

You can also give your DIY hand lotions a mood-lifting boost by adding your favorite food-grade quality essential oils. These are naturally antiseptic, antibacterial, and antifungal. If you have sensitive skin, the creams will work just as well without the essential oils.

Storing Your Hand Cream

Unlike the lotions and creams, your purchase in the department store homemade versions don’t contain preservatives and have a short shelf life. Make DIY creams in small batches, so you use them up before they expire. Small glass mason jars are ideal storage containers for your lotions, and they should be kept in a cool, dry place.

If you have been diagnosed with moderate to severe skin disorder, talk to a dermatologist before using any homemade remedy on your hands. Read the ingredient list carefully and note anything that may cause you an allergic reaction. Some essential oils aren’t recommended for expecting or nursing mothers, so talk to your healthcare provider about which ones are safe.

Organic DIY Creams

Are you tired of fighting dry, itchy hands due to environment, eczema, or other skin issues? Pamper your hardworking hands regularly with a rich, fluffy lotion you made in your kitchen. Here are ten easy DIY hand lotions for you to try.

1. Hand Cream for Rough, Dry Hands


·1/2 cup organic shea butter
·3 tablespoons olive oil
·2 tablespoons cornstarch
·10 drops of pure essential oil, if desired


In the bowl of a stand mixer on medium-high speed, add shea butter and whip until fluffy like icing. Add cornstarch and mix again. While still mixing, drizzle in the olive oil, then stop and scrape down the sides.

Add essential oil and continue whipping until light and creamy. Spoon into a sealed container and store in a dry, cool place for up to six months. Rub generously on your hands when they feel dry, chapped, and sore.

2. Honey & Lavender Hand Cream

Here’s how to make lavender lemonade for fast headache relief.


·Quarter cup of sweet almond oil
·1/4 cup olive oil
·1/4 cup coconut oil
·1 tablespoon shea butter
·2 tablespoons honey
·1/2 cup organic beeswax pastilles
·5-10 drops pure essential lavender oil


In a medium-size microwavable bowl, add oils, wax, and butter. Heat in the microwave for 1-2-minute intervals until the wax is melted. Stir until everything is incorporated.

Place in the freezer until slightly firm but still liquid in the center, about 2-3 minutes. Stir in honey and lavender until smooth. Spoon into a resealable container and keep up to three months, remembering to stir each time it’s used completely.

3. Light Hand Cream


·1/4 cup shea butter
·1/4 cup coconut oil
·1 tablespoon pure aloe juice
·1 tablespoon olive oil
·5-10 drops of your favorite essential oil


In a small saucepan over low heat, add shea butter and coconut oil and stir until melted and well-combined. Remove from heat.

Stir in aloe juice, olive oil, and essential oil. Pour into a sealed container and allow the mixture to solidify. Store up to three months.

4. Sunflower Hand Lotion


·1 cup pure sunflower oil
·1/2 cup shea butter
·1/4 cup beeswax
·10-20 drops of essential oil, if desired


In a double boiler over medium heat, add beeswax and stir until melted. Stir in shea butter and sunflower oil and continue stirring until incorporated. Remove from heat.

Add essential oil and stir until combined. Pour into a sealable glass jar and allow the lotion to come to room temperature. Cover and store up to 6-8 weeks.

5. Lemon-Fresh Lotion for Softening Hands


·1/4 cup coconut oil, liquid form
·1/2 cup shea butter, liquid form
·1 tablespoon Vitamin E oil
·10-15 drops pure lemon essential oil
·2 tablespoon witch hazel


In the bowl of a stand mixer on medium-high speed, blend oil, butter, and Vitamin E oil until smooth and fluffy. Add essential oil and witch hazel and beat until incorporated. Spoon into a sealable glass container and store in the refrigerator for up to three months.

6. Mint to Be Beautiful Hand Cream


·1/4 cup beeswax, grated
·1/2 cup organic coconut oil
·1/2 cup pure aloe gel
·10-15 drops pure essential peppermint or wintergreen oil


In a small saucepan over low heat, add beeswax and coconut and stir until melted and combined. Remove from heat.

Add aloe gel and essential oil. With a hand mixer on medium-high speed, whip mixture until combined. Set aside and cool for 2-4 hours, then beat again with the mixer until light and fluffy. Store in a sealed glass container for up to three months.

Put Peppermint In Your Home And Say Goodbye to Spiders, Mice, and Pests

7. Soothing Orange Hand Balm


·1/8 cup beeswax, grated
·Quarter cup of olive oil
·2 tablespoons shea butter
·20-30 drops pure essential orange oil


In a double-boiler over low heat, add beeswax, oil, and shea butter and stir until melted and combined. Remove from heat.

With a hand mixer on medium-high speed, add orange oil and beat until smooth and creamy. Store in a sealed glass jar up to two months.

8. Vanilla Clouds Hand Lotion


·1/2 cup sweet almond oil, in liquid form
·Quarter cup of organic coconut oil
·1/4 cup beeswax, grated
·1/4 cup shea butter
·2 tablespoons Vitamin E oil
·10-20 drops pure vanilla extract


In a double boiler over low heat, add almond oil, coconut oil, beeswax, and shea butter and stir until melted and combined. Remove from heat.

Stir in Vitamin E oil and vanilla extract until smooth and combined. Pour into a sealable glass container. This lotion is shelf-stable for up to six months.

9. Old-Fashioned Oats & Honey Hand Cream


·1/4 cup old-fashioned oats
·1 cup filtered water
·1/2 cup olive oil
·1/8 cup beeswax pastilles
·2 tablespoons Vitamin E oil
·2 Tablespoons organic raw honey
·10-15 drops of your favorite essential oil, if desired


In a small bowl, combine oats and water, cover, and set aside on the counter overnight. Drain and reserve water and save oats for another use. Save ¼ cup of oat water and set aside.

In a microwavable glass bowl, add olive oil, coconut oil, beeswax, and honey. Microwave at 1-2 intervals until completely melted. Stir and refrigerate for about 45 minutes.

With a hand mixer on medium-high speed, add reserved oatmeal water and essential oil and whip until smooth and creamy. Place in a sealed glass jar and keep in the refrigerator for up to six weeks.

10. Cozy Spice Hand Butter


·1 tablespoon beeswax pastilles
·2 teaspoons organic shea butter
·1/3 cup sweet almond oil
·15-20 drops pure Vitamin E oil
·1/2 cup distilled water
·3 drops pure essential ginger oil
·4 drops pure essential clove oil
·4 drops pure essential cinnamon leaf oil, not bark oil.


In a double boiler over low heat, add almond oil, shea butter, and beeswax. Stir gently, until combined, and remove from heat. Set aside to cool, about 10-15 minutes. Stir in Vitamin E oil and essential oils.

In the pitcher of a blender, pour the mixture and refrigerate until thickened but not solid, about 20 minutes. Attach pitcher to a mixer and set at low-medium speed. Slowly drizzle in water then increase speed to high for up to 20 seconds. Pour into a sealable glass jar and keep in a cool, dark place. Use within six months.

Final Thoughts on Making DIY Hand Cream for Softer, Ageless Hands

Show your hands how much you appreciate them and moisturize them generously with these simple DIY creams and lotions. These recipes also make the perfect homemade gift for friends and family. Instead of dry, flaky hands, enjoy the soft, healthy ones you deserve.